The Togolese Republic was proclaimed on April 27th, 1960 as Togo gained independence from France. The name Togo comes from the language spoken by the local tribes and which means “land where lagoons lie” today, therefore, marks the 60th anniversary of Togo’s Independence.
Starting in the 16th century, the coastal region around modern-day Togo became a major trading centre for Europeans to search for slaves, earning Togo and the surrounding region the name “The Slave Coast”. In 1884, Germany declared a region that included the area of modern-day Togo as a protectorate called Togoland.
Togoland was conquered by Anglo-French forces at the onset of World War 1 in 1914. Following Germany’s defeat in 1918, the region was divided into British Togoland in the west and French Togoland in the east. Both Britain and France had mandates from the League of Nations, which became United Nations mandates from 1946.
In 1959, French Togoland became an autonomous republic within the French Union. Sylvanus Olympio became the first president after the first presidential elections in 1961.
Togo is a tropical, sub-Saharan nation, highly dependent on agriculture, with a climate that provides good growing seasons. Togo is one of the smallest countries in all of Africa. Despite its small size, Togo has a rich agricultural land where both cash crops and subsistence crops are grown.
Togolese people celebrate Independence Day with unusual march parades and speeches from the president (Faure Gnassingbé) about the current condition of the country and how it stands compared with countries across Africa and the rest of the world. As with all other holidays in Togo, Independence Day is a work-free day.
This day (Independence Day) is the National Day of Togo, which must be observed because it commemorates independence from France.
Today, Togo celebrates its 60th anniversary and IAEC University wishes you all a Happy Independence
AUTHOR: IFEGWU FAVOUR
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